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- (1609-20 Apr 1676)Death date of John Clarke documented in "An Historical..." book published 1719.
- 14 week journeySee "New England's Memorial, 6th Edition", 1855. Page 379, "There is no account of any special effort to Christianize the Indians until after the banishment of Roger Williams (1636), when the government of Plymouth Colony enacted laws, 'providing for the preaching of the gospel among them, and with the concurrence of the chiefs, for constituting courts to punish misdemeanors.' Similar laws were afterwards passed in Massachusetts. Mr. Williams was, that year, 'fourteen weeks among them in their smoky holes,' learning their language, and endeavoring to enlighten them in the things of the kingdom."
- 1640 Providence agreementSee pages 40 through 43 of the "Annals of the Town of Providence", published 1832. It documents that Robert Williams signed this agreement indicating he was in Providence by May 27, 1640. Of note, according to page 2010 of The Great Migration, Vol. 3, Robert arrived in Providence before 1644.Related Articles:
- 1671-1753Some records indicate 1751 as the death year for Catherine Sayles. Specifically the millennium file and a marriage vital record of R.I. I currently believe 1753 is correct because I believe FindAGrave.com has the correct headstone which indicates 1753.
- 1894 G.B. Thayer BookReference: Ancestors of Adelbert P. Thayer, Florine Thayer McCray published in 1894 by Goerge Burton Thayer.Related Articles:
- April 7, 1638See page 87, "Collections of the Rhode Island Historical Society, vol 2", 1835.Related Articles:
- authority of the Salem ColonyNew England's Memorial by Nathaniel Morton, published 1669, "he spake dangerous words against the patent, which was the foundation of the government of the Massachusetts colony". In this context, "patent" is the authority given to the colony in a foreign land by the King of England. The "first table" refers to religious matters; as opposed to the second table which refers to civil society.
- bed and bread did meanSee page 144 of the book, "Ancestors of Adelbert P. Thayer, Florine Thayer McCray" published 1894.Related Articles:
- by them on Connecticut riverSee page 144 of the book, "Ancestors of Adelbert P. Thayer, Florine Thayer McCray" published 1894.Related Articles:
- Committee InstructionsSee pages 61 through 63 of the "Annals of the Town of Providence", 1832.Related Articles:
- confirmed by W. W. Blair and E. LarkyFrom "Early Members of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints" [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA.Related Articles:
- continued to question his Protestant faith"The Seekers, with whom Roger Williams had become identified as early as 1638, were men who had come to doubt or to deny that there were, or had been since the apostles' day, any true church, divine sacraments, or valid ordinances, and who waited for more light." See footnote on page 31 of Wonder Working Providence, 1910.Related Articles:
- December 23, 1629Son Robert Williams burried. Source: Genealogical Gleanings in England, Vol 1, by Waters, pub. 1901.Related Articles:
- died 8 days after giving birthSeveral sources document her death and burial including FindAGrave.com memorial 14946247.Related Articles:
- early role in the Kieft's WarSee John Winthrop's Journal for June 1643. A Mr. Knolles brought letters from Boston documenting this story. Quote, "The Indians also of Long Island took part with their neighbors upon the main, and as the Dutch took away their corn, etc., so they fell to burning the Dutch houses. But these, by the mediation of Mr. Williams, who was then there to go in a Dutch ship for England, were pacified, and peace re-established between the Dutch and them. At length they came to an accord of peace with the rest of the Indians also."
- elected their teacherThere are several references to Salem electing Roger Williams as their teacher, and that he was also their minister. For example, in the 1678 book published five years before Roger's death, William Coddington published a letter in which he refers to Roger Williams and states, "Another time you may have him a Teacher or Member of the Church at Salem in New- England".Related Articles:
- empowered to preach with authorityNew England's Memorial by Nathaniel Morton, published 1669, "for Mr. Williams had begun, and then being in office, he proceeded more vigorously to vent many dangerous opinions".
- encouraged civil disobedienceNew England's Memorial by Nathaniel Morton, published 1669, "it is not lawful for an unregenerate man to pray, nor to take an oath, and in special, not the oath of fidelity to the civil government; nor was it lawful for a godly man to have communion, either in family prayer, or in an oath, with such as they judged unregenerate; and therefore he himself refused the oath of fidelity, and taught others so to do; also, that it was not lawful so much as to hear the godly ministers of England". At the time, an "unregenerate man" is a non-believer in the Church of England such as a Jew, Muslim, agnostic, or atheist.
- English Double DateBefore 1752 the first day of the year was 25 March. So, days of the year that fell from Jan 1 - Mar 25 were notated using the previous year, or double dating. So, both Jan 1, 1600 and the double date Jan 1, 1600/1 matches our Jan 1 in the year 1601. This applies to any English dates from 1752 back in time that fall from Jan 1 through Mar 25. You might see (O.S.) for old style, or (N.S.) for new style added. For double dates, just remember the later date matches our modern historical date. From 1752 back in time, if you see an English date from 1 Jan through 25 Mar, just remember that is toward the end of their year so the actual "year" is the next year unless marked (N.S.).Related Articles:
- first settled in Plymouth for about 3 yearsSee page 78 of New England's Memorial by Nathaniel Morton, published 1669.Related Articles:
- Francis WickesSee "Annals of the Town of Providence", 1832. It asserts both Angell and Wickes went with R.W. Other documentation asserts only Angell left the colony with R.W. Page 39, "Two of the others, Thomas Angell and Francis Wickes, came with Mr. Williams. The tradition is, that they were then minors, and that that was the reason they were not named in Mr. Williams' deed."Related Articles:
- Great Migration Begins, Vol 3, P-WThe Great Migration Begins, Vol 3, 1620-1635 by Robert Charles Anderson. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995. Roger Williams is documented on pages 2007-2010.Related Articles:
- had scurvy and many diedThis description of the arrival of Roger Williams is from the John Winthrop journal. See page 23 of the John Winthrop Journal, published July 1790.Related Articles:
- half of the jury were Native AmericansSee "Memoir of Roger Williams", 1834. Footnote on page 339, "In the General Assembly, in 1672, it was voted, that the deputies should receive two shillings per day. A law was passed, exempting from military duty persons who had conscientious scruples. On September 2, 1673, it was enacted, that every person who sold liquor, so that any one became drunk, or who kept a gaming house, should be fined six shillings. Constables were appointed to watch on the first day of the week...There was, about this time, a trial of an Indian, by a jury, half of whom were Indians."Related Articles:
- Hope-street on the eastSee pages 34 and 35 of the "Annals of the Town of Providence", published 1832. It documents Robert Williams as getting a home lot. It's not clear if Robert was already in Providence at this time, of if his brother Roger was just reserving it for him. This documentation relies on city records. "...in the files of the city clerk's office a small paper book which completely refutes this idea. The title of the book is 'A revised hst (saving corrections with addition) of lands and meadows as they were originally lotted from the beginning of the plantation of Providence in the Narragansett Bay in New-England, unto the (then) inhabitants of the said plantation until anno 16—.' First in order are the home lots, beginning at the Mile-end cove."
- Jabez was a Corporal in the American Revolutionary WarJabez Rev. War record documented in "Rhode Island, Historical Cemetery Commission Index, 1647-2008"Related Articles:
- King could not take their landSee Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, volume IX of the 3rd series, page 207 which documents Roger Williams' time at the Massachusetts Bay Colony.Related Articles:
- law prohibiting importation of slaves into the colonySee "Annals of the Town of Providence", 1832. Page 236 discusses a law passed in 1774, "...an act of the General Assembly prohibiting the importation of negro slaves into this colony, and that all negroes born in this colony should be free after attaining to a certain age."
- Mary Williams was born the first weekR.I. vital record asserts the birth date of Mary Williams as the first week of Aug 1633.
- no Indian in this colony can be a slaveSee "Annals of the town of Providence", 1832. Page 171, "The colony passed a law in March 1676, 'that no Indian in this colony be a slave but only to pay their debts or for their bringing up, or custody they have received, or to perform covenant as if they had been countrymen and not taken in war.' This was enlightened legislation for those times."Related Articles:
- not yet heard his argumentsNew England's Memorial by Nathaniel Morton, published 1669, "that had been thoroughly leavened with his opinions...were zealous in their way, did by degrees fall off to him".Related Articles:
- or use of my boats, or piniceSee pages 3-5, "Collections of the Rhode Island Historical Society, volume 3", 1835.Related Articles:
- Providence PlantationIn the 1630s when Roger Williams founded the Providence Plantation, the term plantation was a synonym for settlement or colony.
- Rev. J. Lewis DimanRev. J. Lewis Diman annotated and wrote the introduction to "Publications of the Narragansett Club, Volume 5" published in 1872. This volume re-published the 1676 book, "Gorge Fox Digg'd Out of his Burrowes" by Roger Williams.Related Articles:
- Roger and three others became seekersPages 245- of "A New England Fire Brand Quenched-An Answer" published in 1678 contains two letters both accusing Roger Williams of lying. It is clear that these two men were very unhappy with Roger's viewpoints and were trying to slander him. Despite that, the second letter written by Richard Scot (a 38 year neighbor of Roger Williams) contains a story that is believable. He documents that Roger Williams and 2 or 3 others became seekers, and two left him. He goes on to explain that upon Roger's return from England with a charter, he was met with 14 canoes to take him home. Some time later, they met in Thomas Olney's home. Thomas Olney at the time was the Senior of Providence. (Thomas Olney is also my 10th great grandpa. His grandson married the granddaughter of Roger Williams.) At this meeting, Roger Williams asked, "We have a people here amongst us, which will not act in our government with us; What course shall we take with them?" George Cartwright asked, "What manner of persons they were? Do they live quietly and peaceably amongst you? If they can govern themselves, they have no need of your government." Roger Williams and the others were silent in reply implying agreement or at least they had no answer.Related Articles:
- Roger married Mary BernardRoger Williams and Mary Bernard marriage confirmed in "New England Marriages Prior to 1700".Related Articles:
- Roger Williams was bornIn historical records, Roger Williams birth year varies from 1599-1606. 1602 is my best guess based on available records including the fact that his siblings are known to have been born in 1598, 1599, 1601, and 1604.Related Articles:
- Roger Williams would propose a question or topicSee 25 Oct 1632 entry of John Winthrop's journal which describes a get together and the custom of Roger Williams proposing a question.Related Articles:
- schoolmaster in NewportSee "Memoir of Roger Williams", 1834. Pages 338-339, "Mr. [Roger] Williams complains of frequent and rude interruptions. His health was feeble, and he says, that, on the morning of the second day, 'I heartily wished that I might rather have kept my bed, than have gone forth to a whole day's fresh disputes.' His brother, Robert Williams, then a schoolmaster in Newport, attempted to aid him, but his interferenee was not permitted by his opponents. Mr. Williams' demeanor, during the controversy, was, apparently, patient and collected."Related Articles:
- theology of prophet Samuel GortonSee footnote on page 31 of 1910 edition of Johnson's "Wonder-Working Providence". The 1910 edition added footnotes to the 1654 book.Related Articles:
- Tiverton in the General Assembly of 1776Gideon 1776 General Assembly and more documented on page 144 of "Daughters of the American Revolution" Vol. 109, 1929.Related Articles: