Timeline

From Atoms to Human Evolution Timeline

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From atoms to cities.

Evolution TL: March to LifeEvolutionGreat Apes > Human > Consciousness > All to Us

From Atoms to Human: This timeline tells the complete story from the Big Bang to modern civilization. The epic tale from space dust to inorganic molecules to the first DNA life all the way to modern civilization.

Human Evolution
Big Bang Expansion
Big Bang Expansion
13.8 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
First Atoms
Molecules or atom isolated on blue background
13.7 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
Population III Stars: Heavier Elements
NOIRLab/NSF/AURA/J. da Silva/Spaceengine, CC BY 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
13.6 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
Population II Stars: Heavy Element Synthesis
Cosmos Stars Cluster Structure Stunning Astrophotography Dramatic Celestial Wallpaper. Bright blue n
13.59 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
Galaxies are Born
M31 Andromeda Galaxy
13.4 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
Birth of the Milky Way
milky way forest
About 13.39 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
Population I Stars: Like our Sun
Stars in observatory
10 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
Interstellar Clouds: Organic Molecules
debris of a stellar explosion, 3d illustration
10 Billion Years Ago
Verified: 10 to 7 Billion Years Ago
Birth of the Sun
Epic sun surface flare prominence solar system
4.6 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
Earth is Born
Solar system planets set. The Sun and planets in a row on univer
4.5 Billion Years Ago
Verified. Empirically supported and rationally deduced.
First Atmosphere: Hydrogen & Helium
First Atmosphere: Hydrogen & Helium
4.48 Billion Years Ago
4.49 to 4.6 Billion Years Ago
Inorganic Precursors to Organic Molecules
Inorganic Precursors to Organic Molecules
4.45 Billion Years Ago
Spedulative guess: 4.2 to 4.4 Billion Years Ago
Second Atmosphere: Carbon Dioxide & Nitrogen
Second Atmosphere: Carbon Dioxide & Nitrogen
4.3 Billion Years Ago
4.5 to 4 Billion Years Ago
First Oceans: Fresh Water
sunset north sea sea 2191645
4.2 Billion Years Ago
4 to 4.4 Billion Years Ago
Chemical Evolution of Organic Molecules
3d illustration. Model of serotonin molecule, Hormone of Happiness
4.1 Billion Years Ago
Spedulative guess: 4 to 4.4 Billion Years Ago
Formation of Prebiotic Microenvironments
Geyser in Yellowstone National Park
4 Billion Years Ago
Spedulative guess: 3.9 to 4.1 Billion Years Ago
First Life: Self-Replicating Molecules
a group of orange and red objects floating in the air
3.95 Billion Years Ago
Spedulative guess: 3.85 to 4.15 Billion Years Ago
Cellular Membranes
Cellular Membranes
3.9 Billion Years Ago
Spedulative guess: 3.8 to 4.1 Billion Years Ago
RNA World
RNA World
3.85 Billion Years Ago
Spedulative guess: 3.75 to 4.05 Billion Years Ago
Assembly of Protocells
Assembly of Protocells
3.8 Billion Years Ago
Spedulative guess: 3.7 to 4 Billion Years Ago
Metabolic Pathways
Metabolic Pathways
3.75 Billion Years Ago
Spedulative guess: 3.65 to 3.95 Billion Years Ago
Prokaryotic Life
Prokaryotic Life
3.7 Billion Years Ago; Before LUCA
Spedulative guess: 3.6 to 3.9 Billion Years Ago
LUCA – Last Universal Common Ancestor
LUCA – Last Universal Common Ancestor
3.6 Billion BCE
Spedulative guess: 3.5 to 3.8 Billion Years Ago
Blood Emerges
blood, cells, red
1.2 Billion Years Ago
Touch Emerges: Proto-Sensing.
Touch Emerges: Proto-Sensing.
800 Mya
Proto-Sensing.
Presentient Animals Emerge: The Ediacaran Prelude
Presentient Animals Emerge: The Ediacaran Prelude
635-600 Million Years Ago
Proto-brain; Pre-brain memory; Presentient.
Chemorecption: Taste and Smell Emerge
Chemorecption: Taste and Smell Emerge
600 Mya
Vision Emerges: The Pre-fish Chordates
Vision Emerges: The Pre-fish Chordates
540 Mya
Vision Emerges; Proto-Simple Brains; Pre-vertebrate Cord.
Simple Sentience Settles: Haikouichthys
Simple Sentience Settles: Haikouichthys
520 Million BCE
Simple Brains; Proto-Short-Term Memory; Simple Sentience.
Long-Term Memory Evolves: Tiktaalik
Long-Term Memory Evolves: Tiktaalik
375 Mya
Complex Brains; Long-Term Memory; Simple Sentience.
Land Hearing Emerges: Amphibians
Land Hearing Emerges: Amphibians
370 Mya
Land Hearing Emerges; Yet Larger Brains.
Early Complex Sentience Emerges: Dimetrodon
Early Complex Sentience Emerges: Dimetrodon
295 Million BCE
Complex Brains; Long-Term Memory; Early Complex Sentience.
Morganucodon: An Early Mammalian Herbivore
Morganucodon: An Early Mammalian Herbivore
205 Million BCE
around 205-200 million years ago
Complex Sentience Settles: Eomaia scansoria
Complex Sentience Settles: Eomaia scansoria
circa 125 Million BCE
Complex Brains; Long-Term Memory; Complex Sentience; Likely Proto Self-aware.
Appendix
Appendix
80 Million BCE
Purgatorius — Earliest known proto-primate.
© N. Tamura (CC BY-SA)
66 Million BCE
Cretaceous End -- Tertiary Start
Opposable Thumb Emerges
Opposable Thumb Emerges
60 Million Years Ago
Plesiadapis: First fruit-insect eaters.
Plesiadapis: First fruit-insect eaters.
58 Million BCE
circa 55-58 million years ago
Early Self-Awareness: Miacis
Early Self-Awareness: Miacis
50 Million BCE
Early Intelligence Emerges: Aegyptopithecus zeuxis
Early Intelligence Emerges: Aegyptopithecus zeuxis
30 Million BCE
Complex Brains; Long-Term Memory; Complex Sentience; Semi Self-awareness settles in.
Great Ape Thumb Evolves
Great Ape Thumb Evolves
30 Million Years Ago (+/- 5 million years)
Panamacebus transitus: Earliest Known Monkey in the Americas
Panamacebus transitus: Earliest Known Monkey in the Americas
circa 21 Million Years Ago
Genus Proconsul (Self-Awareness Settles)
Genus Proconsul (Self-Awareness Settles)
20 Million Year Ago (+/- 2 Million Years)
Complex Brains; Long-Term Memory; Complex Sentience; Maybe Self-aware; Likely Simple EI.
Emergence of Blood Type Variability in Primates
Emergence of Blood Type Variability in Primates
circa 20 million years ago
Phenotype Variations
Great Apes: Medicine Emerges
Great Apes: Medicine Emerges
18 Million Years Ago (+/- 5 million years)
Emergence of the Great Apes (Great Apes LCA)
Emergence of the Great Apes (Great Apes LCA)
17 Million Years Ago (+/- 2 Million Years)
Genus Kenyapithecus: EI Emerges
Genus Kenyapithecus: EI Emerges
16 Million Years Ago
Survived from 16 to 14 MYA.
Skin Color Diversity Across and within Primate Species
Skin Color Diversity Across and within Primate Species
By 14 Million Years Ago
Phenotype Variations
Genus Dryopithecus: Cultural Transmission Emerges
Genus Dryopithecus: Cultural Transmission Emerges
Emerged 13 mya, extinct 9 to 7 mya
Cultural Transmission
Genus Nakalipithecus: Gorillas Branch Off
Genus Nakalipithecus: Gorillas Branch Off
Emerged 10 mya, extinct 9.8 to 9 mya.
Ancestral Hominids (us, pre-split)
Transition from Trees to Savannah Begins
Transition from Trees to Savannah Begins
9 Million Years Ago
Chimpanzees Branch Off (CHLCA)
Chimpanzees Branch Off (CHLCA)
7.5 Million Years Ago
Hominini Tribe: Chimpanzee Branch Off
Genus: Sahelanthropus (Walking Upright)
Genus: Sahelanthropus (Walking Upright)
7 Million BCE
Hominin
Genus: Orrorin
Genus: Orrorin
6 Million Years Ago
Hominin, Maybe Us
Genus: Ardipithecus
Genus: Ardipithecus
5.8 Million Years Ago
Hominin, Maybe Us, 5.8 to 4.4 million years ago
Echoes of Early Steps: The Laetoli Footprints
Echoes of Early Steps: The Laetoli Footprints
3.66 Million Years Ago
Hominin
Early Wood tools
Early Wood tools
3.4 Million Years Ago
Early Stone Tools
Early Stone Tools
3.3 Million BCE
Hominins
Collective Learning Emerges
Collective Learning Emerges
3.3 Million Years Ago
Human Thumb Evolves
Human Thumb Evolves
3 Million Years Ago (+/- 400,000 years)
Genus: Australopithecus
Genus: Australopithecus
2.9 Million BCI
Hominin, Us, From 4.2 to 2 MYA
Homo habilis: Our Intelligence Settles.
2.3 Million BCE
First Proto-Containers
First Proto-Containers
2 Million Years Ago
Homo erectus: A True Omnivore
1.9 Million BCE
Emergence of Early Hominin Shelters
Emergence of Early Hominin Shelters
1.8 Million Years Ago (+/- 500,000 years)
Oldest Modern Human-like Footprints
1.52 Million BCE
1.53 to 1.51 Million BCE
Less Body Hair Emerges in Homo erectus
Less Body Hair Emerges in Homo erectus
1.2 Million BCE
Supported by DNA evidence.
Homo antecessor: Earlier Modern Looks
Homo antecessor: Earlier Modern Looks
1.2 Million Years Ago
Rapid Brain Growth
blue and green peacock feather
800,000 BCE
800,000 to 200,000 BCE
Fire-Altered Stone Tools
Fire-Altered Stone Tools
790,000 BCE
Genus Homo
Hyoid Bone: Speach Emerges
Hyoid Bone: Speach Emerges
700,000 BCE
Full Emotional Intelligence Emerges
Full Emotional Intelligence Emerges
700,000 Years Ago
Homo heidelbergensis
Homo heidelbergensis
Circa 640,000 Years Ago
Homo heidelbergensis on Earth from about 640,000 to 200,000 BCE.
First Clothes: Proto-Clothing and the Advent of Garments
First Clothes: Proto-Clothing and the Advent of Garments
600,000 Years Age
Transcendental Intelligence Emerges
Transcendental Intelligence Emerges
475,000 Years Ago
Neanderthal-Sapien LCA
Neanderthal-Sapien LCA
440,000 Years Ago
Homo neanderthalensis: Verified True Symbolic Thought
Homo neanderthalensis: Verified True Symbolic Thought
430,000 BCE
On Earth from 430,000 to 29,000 BCE
Terra Amata Site, France
Terra Amata Site, France
circa 400,000 Years Ago
Nice, France
Oldest Surviving Spear
Oldest Surviving Spear
350,000 BCE
400,000 to 300,000 BCE
Homo naledi: A Likely Hybrid
Homo naledi: A Likely Hybrid
335,000 BCE
Human, but probably not our human branch.
Homo Sapiens: Advanced Transcendental Intelligence
Homo Sapiens: Advanced Transcendental Intelligence
315,000 BCE
Venus of Tan-Tan
Venus of Tan-Tan
300,000 BCE
Africa; 300,000 to 500,000 years ago
Neanderthal-Denisovan Split
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Spread_and_Evolution_of_Denisovans.jpg
300,000 BCE
500 to 30 Thousand BCE
Hominin World Population: 2 Million (maybe)
Hominin World Population: 2 Million (maybe)
300,000 BCE
Very speculative.
Homo rhodesiensis: A Hybrid Lesson
Homo rhodesiensis: A Hybrid Lesson
300,000 Years Ago
Survived from about 300,000 to 125,000 years ago.
Bhimbetka Petroglyphs, Cupules
Bhimbetka Petroglyphs, Cupules
Before 290,000 BCE
Hominins; 290,000 to 700,000 years ago
Adam: Haplogroup A
Adam: Haplogroup A
275,000 BCE
Extinction: Homo naledi
Extinction: Homo naledi
236,000 Years Ago
Extinction: Homo heidelbergensis
Extinction: Homo heidelbergensis
200,000 Years Ago
Eve: Haplogroup L
Eve: Haplogroup L
175,000 BCE
200,000 to 150,000 BCE
Modern Human Looks and Brains
lover couple of caucasian male and female lay down at the beach relaxing
150,000 BCE
200,000 to 150,000 BCE
Homo longi: Rewriting Human Migration Narratives
Homo longi: Rewriting Human Migration Narratives
146,000 Years Ago
Extinction: Homo rhodesiensis
Extinction: Homo rhodesiensis
125,000 Years Ago
Many Early Out of Africa Migrations
Many Early Out of Africa Migrations
120,000 BCE
130,000 to 100,000 BCE
Blombos Cave Engravings
Blombos Cave Engravings
75,000 BCE
Oldest Known Bracelet
Oldest Known Bracelet
70,000 BCE
2,880 Generations Ago
The Settlement of Australia
The Settlement of Australia
65,000 BCE
Homo sapiens or an earlier Homo species
Extinction: Homo luzonensis
Extinction: Homo luzonensis
65,000 BCE
“The” Human DNA
Spiral strands of DNA on the dark background
60,000 BCE
2,400 Generations Ago
Successful Out of Africa Migration
Successful Out of Africa Migration
55,000 BCE
70,000 to 55,000 BCE
World Population: 1.5 Million
World Population: 1.5 Million
50,000 BCE
Estimates range from 500,000 to 2.5 million
Extinction: Homo Erectus
Extinction: Homo Erectus
50,000 BCE
Extinction: Homo floresiensis
Extinction: Homo floresiensis
48,000 BCE
58,000 to 48,000 BCE
Phenotype Variation: Eye Shape and the Epicanthic Fold
Phenotype Variation: Eye Shape and the Epicanthic Fold
circa 40,000 BCE
Extinction: Denisovans
Extinction: Denisovans
40,000
Extinction: Neanderthals
Extinction: Neanderthals
38,000 BCE
Extinction range: 38,000 BCE to 22,000 BCE
Advanced Sewing Needles
Advanced Sewing Needles
28,000 BCE
28,000 to 21,000 BCE
Modern Skin Color Variety Emerges
Modern Skin Color Variety Emerges
By 25,000 Years Ago (+/- 10,000 years)
Phenotype Variation: Blue Eyes
Photo of Woman With Blue Eyes and Black Hair
8000 BCE
Genetic Mutation from the Neolithic Era
Mexico: Guilá Naquitz (Agrarian)
Mexico: Guilá Naquitz (Agrarian)
circa 8000 BCE
Americas Agrarian Society
Phenotype Variation: Lactose Tollerance
Phenotype Variation: Lactose Tollerance
7500 BCE
Fuxi (伏羲)
Fuxi (伏羲)
Circa 8000-7000 BCE
Nüwa (女娲)
Nüwa (女娲)
Circa 8000-7000 BCE
Cuneiform Writing
Cuneiform Writing
3400 BCE
3400 BCE to 100 CE (end of use for scholarly work)
The Yellow Emperor (Huangdi)
The Yellow Emperor (Huangdi)
circa 2650 BCE (+/- 50 years)
Thales of Miletus (624 – 546 BCE)
Thales of Miletus (624 – 546 BCE)
Early or "First" Science
The Grandfather of Western Philosophy
Library of Ashurbanipal
Library of Ashurbanipal
Built circa 700 BCE, destroyed 612 BCE.
Socrates (469 – 399 BCE)
Marble statue of the ancient Greek Philosopher Plato.
Socratic Questioning
Father of Western Ethics
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Scientific Method
Father of Empiricism
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
British Naturalist
Special Relativity
Special Relativity
Jun 1905
General Relativity
General Relativity
Nov 1915
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB)
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB)
20 May 1965

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Evolution TL: March to LifeEvolutionGreat Apes > Human > Consciousness > All to Us

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