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Prehistory > Ancient > Medieval > Post

World TL: AllPrehistory > Ancient History > Medieval > Post-Medieval 

World history minus descriptions.From the earliest hominin artifact through post-medieval to our time. These insights are the backbone to Mike‘s articles and his longer effort books. These history snippets I write provide context for the various topics I write about. My view or story-telling style for each.

The World History Timeline: Prehistory

Early Stone Tools
Early Stone Tools
3.3 Million BCE
Hominins
Olduvai Gorge Site: A Glimpse into Early Organizational Behavior
Olduvai Gorge Site: A Glimpse into Early Organizational Behavior
2 Million Years Ago (Up to about 15,000 years ago)
Hand Axe
Hand Axe
1.76 Million BCE
Oldest Modern Human-like Footprints
1.52 Million BCE
1.53 to 1.51 Million BCE
Fire-Altered Stone Tools
Fire-Altered Stone Tools
790,000 BCE
Genus Homo
Seasonal Settlements at Zhoukoudian site
Seasonal Settlements at Zhoukoudian site
770,000 BCE
from circa 770,000 BCE to circa 5700 BCE
Oldest Surviving Spear
Oldest Surviving Spear
350,000 BCE
400,000 to 300,000 BCE
Hominin World Population: 2 Million (maybe)
Hominin World Population: 2 Million (maybe)
300,000 BCE
Very speculative.
Venus of Tan-Tan
Venus of Tan-Tan
300,000 BCE
Africa; 300,000 to 500,000 years ago
Bhimbetka Petroglyphs, Cupules
Bhimbetka Petroglyphs, Cupules
Before 290,000 BCE
Hominins; 290,000 to 700,000 years ago
Seasonal Settlements at Klasies River Caves
Seasonal Settlements at Klasies River Caves
125,000 BCE
125,000 to 60,000 BCE
Earliest Known Prepared Burial, “Mtoto”
Earliest Known Prepared Burial, “Mtoto”
76,000 BCE
Blombos Cave Engravings
Blombos Cave Engravings
75,000 BCE
Oldest Known Bracelet
Oldest Known Bracelet
70,000 BCE
2,880 Generations Ago
The Sentinelese people on North Sentinel Island
The Sentinelese people on North Sentinel Island
70,000 BCE
circa 60 to 70 thousand BCE
The Settlement of Australia
The Settlement of Australia
65,000 BCE
Homo sapiens or an earlier Homo species
Neanderthal Art: Symbolic Thought
Neanderthal Art: Symbolic Thought
Before 64000 BCE
Upper Paleolithic
World Population: 1.5 Million
World Population: 1.5 Million
50,000 BCE
Estimates range from 500,000 to 2.5 million
Lebombo bone: First Lunar Phase Counter
Lebombo bone: First Lunar Phase Counter
42,200 BCE
44,200 to 43,000 years old according to 24 radiocarbon tests
Sulawesi Cave Art
Sulawesi Cave Art
circa 41,900 BCE
Upper Paleolithic Cave Art with Symbols
Upper Paleolithic Cave Art with Symbols
circa 40,000 BCE
Spain & France
Venus of Hohle Fels
Ramessos, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
38,000 BCE
38,000 to 33,000 BCE
Bone Flute
Bone Flute
38,000 BCE
38,000 to 33,000 BCE
Chauvet Cave Paintings
Chauvet Cave Paintings
30,000 BCE
Czeck: Dolní Věstonice Community
Czeck: Dolní Věstonice Community
30,000 BCE
29 to 32 thousand years ago.
Advanced Sewing Needles
Advanced Sewing Needles
28,000 BCE
28,000 to 21,000 BCE
Earliest Known Domesticated Animal: Dogs
Wolf-to-dog: same species, dogs are a subspecies
By 20,000 BCE
Seasonal Settlements at Franchthi Cave
Seasonal Settlements at Franchthi Cave
20,000 BCE
From circa 20,000 to 3,000 BCE
Ukraine: Mezhyrich Community
Ukraine: Mezhyrich Community
18,000 BCE
15 to 20 Thousand Years Agao
Seasonal Settlements at Monte Verde
Seasonal Settlements at Monte Verde
circa 14,800 BCE
The Clovis Culture
The Clovis Culture
circa 13000 BCE
The Invention of Bread
Assortment of baked bread
Before 14,400 BCE
Middle East
Tell Abu Hureyra
Tell Abu Hureyra
circa 11,500 BCE
Evidence of farming: rye seeds
World Population: 4 Million
World Population: 4 Million
10,000 BCE
Estimates range from 2 to 5 million
Neolithic Revolution
Trevethy Quoit a Portal Dolmen in Cornwall
9,700 BCE
Start of "our" Holocene geological epoch
Göbekli Tepe (circa 9600 BCE)
Göbekli Tepe (circa 9600 BCE)
circa 9600 BCE
Corn
Glass Gem Flint Corn
Before 9000 BCE
Mexico
Plaster Invented
wall, decay, plaster
before 9000 BCE
Jericho Founded
St Geaorge Monastery Desert
9000 BCE
Mexico: Guilá Naquitz (Agrarian)
Mexico: Guilá Naquitz (Agrarian)
circa 8000 BCE
Americas Agrarian Society
Phenotype Variation: Blue Eyes
Photo of Woman With Blue Eyes and Black Hair
8000 BCE
Genetic Mutation from the Neolithic Era
Under Investigation: Yonaguni Monument
Yonaguni Monument Terraces midpart NWW
circa 8000 BCE (speculative)
The Domestication of Rice
Bali Rice Fields
circa 8000 BCE
China
Egypt: Nabta Playa (Agrarian)
Egypt: Nabta Playa (Agrarian)
circa 7500 BCE
Middle East Agrarian Society
Greece: Sesklo Culture (Agrarian)
Greece: Sesklo Culture (Agrarian)
circa 7500 BCE
Europe/Mediterranean Agrarian Society
Nüwa (女娲)
Nüwa (女娲)
Circa 8000-7000 BCE
Fuxi (伏羲)
Fuxi (伏羲)
Circa 8000-7000 BCE
Ain Ghazal Statues: Early Plaster Art
Ain Ghazal Statues: Early Plaster Art
circa 7200 BCE
Jordan
City of Catalhoyuk
City of Catalhoyuk
7,100 BCE
7,100 to 5,700 BCE
China: Jiahu Settlement (Agrarian)
China: Jiahu Settlement (Agrarian)
circa 7000 BCE
Asia Agrarian Society
New Guinea: Kuk Early Agricultural Site (Agrarian)
New Guinea: Kuk Early Agricultural Site (Agrarian)
circa 7000 BCE
Oceana-Australasia Agrarian Society
Neolithic Symbols: China
Neolithic Symbols: China
7000 BCE
7000-6001 BCE
Zoroastrian Universe Creation Date
Zoroastrian Universe Creation Date
circa 7000 BCE
12,000 to 9,000 BCE (representing the start of 12,000 years)
Early Sumer Civilization
Early Sumer Civilization
6500 BCE
6500 through 1900 BCE
Oldest Known Flute in China
Oldest Known Flute in China
6,000 BCE
Cheese
Delicious Cheese board. Assortment of cheese, camembert, brie, Gorgonzola, parmesan, olives
Before 5500 BCE
Poland
4004 BCE, The Bible’s Earth Creation Date
4004 BCE, The Bible’s Earth Creation Date
4,004 BCE
Sunday, October 23, 4004 BCE
3761 BCE, Judaic Earth Creation Date
3761 BCE, Judaic Earth Creation Date
3761 BCE
Man Made Glass
blue green and red heart shaped stone
3500 BCE
Cuneiform Writing
Cuneiform Writing
3400 BCE
3400 BCE to 100 CE (end of use for scholarly work)
Skara Brae Scottish Village
Skara Brae Scottish Village
3180 BCE
3180 to 2500 BCE
3114 BCE: Mayan Earth Creation Date
3114 BCE: Mayan Earth Creation Date
3114 BCE
August 11, 3114 BCE
Beer, Ale
glass of beer, sausages and bread on the table
circa 3000 BCE
Sumerians; 3400–2900 BCE
World Population: 15 Million
World Population: 15 Million
3000 BCE
Estimates range from 9 to 16 million
Shennong (神农)
Shennong (神农)
circa 2800 BCE
The Divine Farmer
Xia Dynasty (2070-1600 BCE)
Gyeongbokgung Palace, South Korea
2700 BCE
188 Generations Ago
Gilgamesh, circa 2700 BCE
Gilgamesh, circa 2700 BCE
King of Uruk
The Yellow Emperor (Huangdi)
The Yellow Emperor (Huangdi)
circa 2650 BCE (+/- 50 years)
The Rise of the Maya Civilization
Aerial view of Chichen Itza
By 2600 BCE
King Shuruppak (circa 2600 BCE)
King Shuruppak (circa 2600 BCE)
Sumerian Tradition
The Wise King
Indus Valley Script: Northwest India
Indus Valley Script: Northwest India
circa 2600 BCE
First Mail, First Postal System
man holding scroll
2400 BCE
Egypt
Oldest Known Library: Ebla
Oldest Known Library: Ebla
2350 BCE
2500 BCE to 2250 BCE
Noah’s Flood Myth
Noah’s Flood Myth
2348 BCE
Chocolate
Cocoa powder and cocoa beans
Before 1900 BCE
Mesoamerica
Proto-Sinaitic script
Proto-Sinaitic script
1900 BCE
1900-1500 BCE
Code of Hammurabi
Code of Hammurabi
1755 BCE
Rigveda Samhita, Veda Book 1 of 4
Rigveda Samhita, Veda Book 1 of 4
1,700 BCE
148 Generations Ago
Dragons: Early Dinosaur Fossils
Dragons: Early Dinosaur Fossils
By 1600 BCE
The Lapita Culture
The Lapita Culture
1500 BCE
1500 BCE to 500 BCE
Minoan Frescoes at Knossos
Minoan Frescoes at Knossos
1400 BCE
circa 1700–1400 BCE
Frescoes of the Tomb of Nebamun
Frescoes of the Tomb of Nebamun
circa 1350 BCE
Oldest Known Monotheistic Religion: Atenism
Oldest Known Monotheistic Religion: Atenism
1344 BCE
circa 1340 to 1320 BCE
Phoenician Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
1300 BCE
1500-1100 BCE
Oracle Bone Script: China
Oracle Bone Script: China
1250 BCE
Major Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion: Hinduism
1100 BCE (+/- 300 years)
125 Generations Ago
Gargi Vachaknavi (circa 800 BCE)
Hindu god Ganesha on white wooden table. Candles on background
Vedic Tradition
The "woman" Vedic sage
Thales of Miletus (624 – 546 BCE)
Thales of Miletus (624 – 546 BCE)
Early or "First" Science
The Grandfather of Western Philosophy
The Birth of Logic
The Birth of Logic
624 BCE
Circa 624-546 BCE
Library of Ashurbanipal
Library of Ashurbanipal
Built circa 700 BCE, destroyed 612 BCE.
Laozi (604-517 BCE)
Laozi (604-517 BCE)
Daoism
Old Master
Spherical Earth
Realistic Earth Planet against the the star sky
600 BCE
New Look: The Flood Stories
New Look: The Flood Stories
600 BCE
New Look
Pythagoras (570-495 BCE)
Pythagoras (570-495 BCE)
Pythagoreanism
Father of Mathematics
Confucius (551-479 BCE, died age 72)
Confucius (551-479 BCE, died age 72)
Confucianism
The "Great Sage" or the "First Teacher."
Gautama Buddha (circa 563-486 BCE)
Gautama Buddha (circa 563-486 BCE)
Buddhism
The "Buddha"
Heraclitus (circa 535-475 BCE)
Heraclitus (circa 535-475 BCE)
Pre-Socratic Philosophy
Weeping or "Dark" Philosopher
Democritus (460 BCE – circa 370 BCE)
Democritus (460 BCE – circa 370 BCE)
Atomist
The Laughing Philosopher
Law of the Twelve Tables
Law of the Twelve Tables
451 BCE
Plato (428-347 BCE)
Plato (428-347 BCE)
Platonism
Father of Idealism
Aristotle (384 – 322 BCE)
Aristotle (384 – 322 BCE)
Aristotelianism
Father of Western Philosophy
Chuang Tzu (369-286 BCE)
Chuang Tzu (369-286 BCE)
Daoism
Pyrrho (360-270 BCE)
Pyrrho (360-270 BCE)
Skepticism
Father of Skepticism
Epicurus (341-270 BCE)
Epicurus (341-270 BCE)
Epicureanism
The Garden Philosopher
Zeno of Citium (334-262 BCE)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paolo_Monti_-_Servizio_fotografico_(Napoli,_1969)_-_BEIC_6353768.jpg
Stoicism
Father of Stoicism
The Foundation of the Maurya Empire
The Foundation of the Maurya Empire
322 BCE
Wake of Alexander the Great
Cicero (106-43 BCE)
Cicero (106-43 BCE)
106 BCE
84 Generations Ago
Philo of Alexandria (circa 20 BCE to circa 55 CE)
Philo of Alexandria (circa 20 BCE to circa 55 CE)
Hellenistic Judaism
Seneca the Younger (4 BCE – 65 CE)
Seneca the Younger (4 BCE – 65 CE)
Stoic Tradition
Roman Stoic Statesman
Earliest Known Magnification
crystal lens ball in a woman’s hand, with a refracted view of a misty country lane
65 CE
Epictetus (50-135 CE)
Epictetus (50-135 CE)
circa 100 CE
78 Generations Ago
Marcus Aurelius (121 – 180 CE)
Marcus Aurelius (121 – 180 CE)
Stoic Tradition
The Philosopher King
RCW 86 Supernova
galaxy, cosmos, physical, science fiction wallpaper. Deep space.
185 CE
Verified. Historically documented and empirically validated.
Badarayana, circa 200 CE (+/- 300 years)
sand sculpture of Ganesha in Hinduism, the god of wisdom and well-being with the head of an elephant
Vedanta / Hinduism
Author of the Brahma Sutras
Augustine of Hippo (354-430 CE)
Augustine of Hippo (354-430 CE)
Christian Neoplatonism
Saint Augustine
Al-Farabi (872-950)
Al-Farabi (872-950)
Islamic Neoplatonism
Second Teacher
Alhazen (965-1040)
Alhazen (965-1040)
Islamic Polymath
Father of Optics
Word-Spacing
Word-Spacing
1000 CE
The Five Senses of Humans
Olfaction or Sense of Smell Study.
Circa 1020
New Look
Bernard of Chartres (circa 1070 – 1130)
Bernard of Chartres (circa 1070 – 1130)
Neoplatonist
French Philosopher
Peter Abelard (1079-1141)
Peter Abelard (1079-1141)
Scholasticism
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
1150
Magna Carta
Magna Carta
1215
Upper and Lowercase Starts
Upper and Lowercase Starts
1300 CE
The Māori Settlement of New Zealand: Earliest Known
tradition, lives, maori
1300
Hourglass
Hourglass on the Beach
1400
Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)
Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)
28 Feb 1533
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Scientific Method
Father of Empiricism
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
Observational Empiricism
Father of Modern Physics
Microscope Invented = Microworld Discovered!
Various bacteria cells in microscope. Streptococcus pneumonia, p
1590 to 1640 CE
Rene Descartes (1596-1649)
Rene Descartes (1596-1649)
Cartesian Dualism
Father of Modern Philosophy
The Birth of Baroque Art
white and brown concrete building painting
circa 1600 CE
Late 16th to Early 18th Century
Separation of Church and State
Separation of Church and State
No government church.
Liberalism
Liberalism
Everyone is equal.
Roger Williams (1602ish-1683)
Roger Williams (1602ish-1683)
Liberalism
Grandfather of Liberalism
Gunpowder Treason Plot
Gunpowder Treason Plot
5 Nov 1605
King James I Orders New British Flag
King James I Orders New British Flag
1606
King James Bible Published
King James Bible Published
1611
Bartholomew Legate Burned at the Stake
Bartholomew Legate Burned at the Stake
18 Mar 1612
Mayflower Compact
Mayflower Compact
11 Nov 1620
Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677, aged 44)
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Spinoza_(cropped).jpg
Monism
Radical Dutch Thinker
John Locke (1632-1704)
John Locke (1632-1704)
Natural Rights
Father of Liberalism
Book: The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution
Book: The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution
1644 CE
The Great Quaker Debates!
The Great Quaker Debates!
9 Aug 1672
1675-1678: The King Philip’s War
1675-1678: The King Philip’s War
25 Jun 1675
The Invention of Calculus
geometry, mathematics, volume
5 Jul 1687
Fourth Estate
Fourth Estate
The force of public opinion.
The fourth emerged in the 18th & 19th centuries.
Voltaire (1694-1778)
Voltaire (1694-1778)
Enlightenment
Champion of Free Thought
David Hume (1711-1776)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:David_Hume.jpg
Skeptical Empiricism
Scottish Enlightenment Philosopher
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
Transcendental Idealism
Skeptical Empiricism
Skeptical Empiricism
Knowledge is experience.
The Problem of Induction
The Problem of Induction
Patterns might mislead.
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
Utilitarianism
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
British Naturalist
Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913)
Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913)
British Naturalist and Explorer
Father of Biogeography
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
Nihilism
Critic of Traditional Morality
Electromagnetic Radiation Theory
Electromagnetic Radiation Theory
1864
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980)
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980)
Existentialism
The Public Intellectual
Radiometric Dating
Iodine 131(I-131)Radioactive isotopes used for hyperthyroidism treatment are stored in Lead boxes
1905 CE
First Analog Radio Transmission
First Analog Radio Transmission
24 Dec 1906
Electron Microscope = Nanoworld Discovered!
pathogen virus background
1931
Radiocarbon Dating
We all need a little CAFFEINE
1946 CE

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World TL: AllPrehistory > Ancient History > Medieval > Post-Medieval 

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